Below are the two photos I have planned to use briefly in my title sequence. It is important that these are not copyrighted and are free to use, otherwise this would be breaking the law.
‘Fair dealing’ is a legal term used to establish whether a use of copyright material is lawful or whether it infringes copyright. Factors that have been identified by the courts as relevant in determining whether a particular dealing with a work is fair include:
- Does using the work affect the market for the original work? If a use of a work acts as a substitute for it, causing the owner to lose revenue, then it is not likely to be fair.
- Is the amount of the work taken reasonable and appropriate? Was it necessary to use the amount that was taken? Usually only part of a work may be used.
In media work terms:
- You should not be making any money from using the photos.
- You should only use the photos for some of your work, not the majority of it.
Does this apply to photographs?
Whilst the exception applies to all types of copyright work, it would only be in exceptional circumstances that copying a photograph would be allowed under this exception.
It would not be considered fair dealing if the proposed use of a copyright work would conflict with the copyright owner’s normal exploitation of their work.
For example, the ability to sell or license copies of photographs for inclusion in newspapers would be a normal exploitation.
The above information is taken from: UK GOV Website.
My students download images, music and photographs from the web and use them in their coursework; is that acceptable?
Materials available on the web are protected by copyright in the same way as other media, though are much more accessible and easier to manipulate.
It would be acceptable to include images and photographs downloaded from the web, provided that these are only for use in coursework, are suitably referenced and acknowledged, and do not exceed the Fair Dealing guidelines.
Fair use is a legal exception to the exclusive rights an owner has for their copyrighted work.
The above example is taken from a UK based Uni: Here
Both photos are very old and since their owners are probably and most likely passed away, means that there is also more free will to these products.